Angika Miscellaneous

Anga (अंग)

Anga (अंगaṅga) was a kingdom that flourished on the eastern Indian subcontinent in the 6th century BCE until taken over by Magadha in the same century. Counted among the “sixteen great nations” (solas Mahajanapadas) in Buddhist texts like the Anguttara Nikaya, Anga also finds mention in the Jain Vyakhyaprajnapti’s list of ancient janapadas. Some refer that the Angas were grouped with people of ‘mixed origin’[1], generally in the later ages. Based onMahabharataevidence, thekingdomof the Angas roughly corresponded to the districts ofBhagalpur,Banka,Purnia,Munger,KatiharandJamuiinBiharand districts ofDeoghar,Godda, andSahebganjinJharkhand; later extended to include parts ofBengal. The River Champa (modern Chandan) formed the boundaries between theMagadhain the west and Anga in the east. Anga was bounded by riverKoshion the north. According to theMahabharata,Duryodhanahad namedKarnathe King of Anga. Sabhaparavaof Mahabharata (II.44.9) mentions Anga andVangaas forming one country. TheKatha-Sarit-Sagaraalso attests that Vitankapur, a city of Anga was situated on the shores of the sea. Thus the boundaries of Anga may have extended to… Read More

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